Trading as Avery Walters Solicitors 
Trading as Powell Eddison Solicitors 
Purchasing commercial property is a significant financial investment, and due diligence plays a vital role in ensuring a successful and informed decision. Whether you're a seasoned real estate investor or a first-time buyer, the due diligence process is critical to assess the property's condition, potential risks, and overall suitability for your business or investment goals. In this step-by-step guide, we'll explore the key elements of due diligence when buying commercial property. 

Step 1: Due Diligence 

The first step in the due diligence process is to engage experts to help assist you in various aspects of the properties evaluation. 
These may be: 
- Commercial Property Solicitor: To review contracts, legal documents and carry out the relevant searches. 
- Estate Agent: To help you find the right property, determine the property's current market value and negotiate the deal. 
- Property Surveyor: To conduct a thorough physical inspection of the property. 

Step 2: Review Property Documents 

Your solicitor should review all legal documents related to the property, including the deed, title insurance and any existing leases or contracts. This helps ensure that the property's legal status is in order and that there are no hidden legal issues that could affect your purchase. 

Step 3: Physical Inspection 

Hiring a qualified property surveyor is crucial. They will assess the property's physical condition, including the building structure, roofing, electrical systems, plumbing, and any other potential issues. The inspection can reveal any necessary repairs or maintenance, allowing you to estimate renovation costs accurately. 

Step 4: Environmental Assessment 

Environmental concerns are a critical aspect of due diligence, especially for older properties or those in industrial areas. A Commercial Property Solicitor can carry out searches to identify potential hazards, such as soil contamination, asbestos, or hazardous materials on the property. They will also advise on planning permission and drainage issues. 
Understanding these risks help you make informed decisions and negotiate the terms of the sale accordingly. 

Step 5: Financial Review 

Evaluating the property's financials is a key aspect of due diligence. This includes a review of the property's income and expense statements, tax records, and any outstanding liens or assessments. 
Additionally, an estate agent can determine the property's market value, helping you gauge the property's potential return on investment. 

Step 6: Title Search 

A title search is essential to verify the property's ownership and any existing liens, encumbrances, or legal disputes. This step ensures that you will acquire clear title to the property upon purchase. 

Step 7: Use Classes 

Review the properties existing use class to ensure the property is suitable for your intended use. You may need to obtain the necessary planning permissions to operate your business or make desired modifications to the property. 

Step 8: Lease Analysis 

If the property has existing tenants, analyse their leases to understand the terms, rent, and any obligations related to the leases. This information helps you gauge the property's income potential and assess any potential issues with existing tenants. 

Step 9: Property Survey 

A survey of the property's boundaries can identify any encroachments or property line disputes. This step helps ensure that the property boundaries match the legal description in the deeds. 

Step 10: Negotiation and Final Due Diligence 

As you progress through the due diligence process, you may uncover issues or concerns that require further negotiation with the seller. These negotiations can include repairs, price adjustments, or changes in the terms of the sale. During this phase, your solicitor plays a crucial role in protecting your interests. 


Due diligence is a meticulous and critical process when buying commercial property. It's the key to minimising risks and making informed decisions. By following this step-by-step guide and assembling a qualified due diligence team, you can ensure that your commercial property investment is well-researched, legally sound, and financially viable. Remember that a thorough due diligence process can make the difference between a successful property acquisition and a costly mistake. 
Tagged as: Commercial Property
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* Laura Stafford is the SFE accredited memberand a full member of STEP 
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