LEEDS OFFICE 
Trading as Avery Walters Ellis Solicitors 
 
HARROGATE OFFICE 
Trading as Powell Eddison Solicitors 
 

Employment Law Jargon Buster 

Unfair Dismissal: 
When you employer has dismissed you without good reason or without its own procedures and policies. Eg. dismissing you for theft without any evidence or following procedure. 
Wrongful Dismissal: 
When your employer dismissed you without paying you notice or less than your contractual entitlement. Please note your employer does not have to pay notice if you are dismissed for Gross Misconduct. Eg. dismissing you and only paying you one week notice when your contract states 4 weeks. 
Constructive Dismissal: 
When your employer has fundamentally breached the terms of your Employment Contract or treated you in a way that destroys the employment relationship. Eg. the employer demotes you and reduces your wage without notice or good reason. 
Basic Award: 
The award granted by the Tribunal which is based on your years of service and pay up to a maximum of £12900 at present. 
Compensatory Award: 
The award granted by the Tribunal which is based on your net pay. (For example, if you win an unfair dismissal case and have been out of work for 5 months and your net monthly wage is £1000, you may be awarded £5000 for this award. Please note that this is subject to the Claimant adequately mitigating his/her losses, otherwise the award can be reduced. 
Claimant: 
This refers to the person who has made a claim in Tribunal against a person, company or business. 
Defendant: 
This refers to the person, company or business that has had a claim made against them in Tribunal. 
DDA (Disability Discrimination Act 1995): 
An act that prevents discrimination against disabled people in relation to employment. 
Discrimination: 
If someone is treated differently to other people, this is referred to as discrimination and this is particularly common in employment. A person could be discriminated against for their race, sex, age, disability, sexual orientation, religious belief etc... 
Mitigation: 
In employment law terms, mitigation refers to someone who has suffered loss through a breach of contract and thus had to take suitable action to minimise the amount of loss suffered by say getting another job or other income stream. 
Net Wages: 
The net wages are what a worker receives once the necessary deductions of tax and national insurance have been made. 
Redundancy: 
An unfortunately familiar term to many people during the recession, redundancy is where an individual has been dismissed from an employed role because the role no longer exists. 
Remuneration: 
This refers to the compensation that is payable for service under an Employment Agreement. 
SAP (Statutory Adoption Pay): 
In some cases, employees are eligible to receive Statutory Adoption Pay, and this is applicable in cases where the individual will receive money after adopting a child. 
SDP (Sex Discrimination Act 1975): 
The Sex Discrimination Act prevents employers discriminating against potential employees due to their marital status or gender. 
SMP (Statutory Maternity Pay): 
An employee who needs to take maternity leave must be paid statutory maternity pay. 
Andrew Parascandolo 
Employment Solicitor 

START YOUR CLAIM TODAY 

 
Phone: 0113 200 7480 
 
Email: ap@averywalters.com 
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